Disk Bulge

Low Back Disc Bulge Pain

Low back disc bulge pain is a common condition that affects many individuals. It occurs when one or more of the discs in the lower back bulge out of place and put pressure on the nerves. This pressure can lead to pain, discomfort, and even disability. In this blog post, we will discuss the symptoms of low back disc bulge pain, how it can be treated, and provide scientific references to support the information provided.

What is Low Back Disc Bulge Pain?

The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae, which are separated by discs that act as shock absorbers. These discs have a tough outer layer and a soft, gel-like center. When a disc bulges out of place, it can put pressure on the nerves in the spine, causing pain and discomfort. A low back disc bulge is when this occurs in the lumbar region of the spine.

Common Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of low back disc bulge pain can vary depending on the severity of the condition.

However, common signs and symptoms include –

  1. Pain in the lower back that can radiate down the legs.
  2. Numbness or tingling in the legs or feet.
  3. Weakness in the legs.
  4. Loss of bladder or bowel control (in severe cases).

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

How Can it be Treated?

Treatment for low back disc bulge pain depends on the severity of the condition.

In mild cases, rest, physiotherapy and graded exercise may be sufficient to manage the symptoms.

In more severe cases after conservative management has failed, surgery may be required.

Physiotherapy can be particularly effective in treating low back disc bulge pain. It can help to reduce pain, improve flexibility, and strengthen the muscles that support the spine.

Common physical therapy techniques used to treat low back disc bulge pain include massage, mobilisation techniques and graded supervised exercises that focus on strengthening the body, core muscles and general conditioning.
In addition to physiotherapy, pain medication and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed to manage the symptoms of low back disc bulge pain.

In some cases, corticosteroid injections may also be used to reduce inflammation in the affected area.


Low back disc bulge pain is a common condition that can cause significant pain and discomfort. However, with proper treatment, it is possible to manage the symptoms and improve quality of life.

If you experience any symptoms of low back disc bulge pain, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. With the right treatment plan, you can get back to doing the things you love without pain and discomfort.

If you need help with your low back pain please book an appointment with our team today by clicking the button below –

Scientific References  

To ensure that the educational material provided is valid, it is important to reference scientific literature. Some of the scientific references that support the information provided in this blog post include –

Jensen MC, Brant-Zawadzki MN, Obuchowski N, Modic MT, Malkasian D, Ross JS. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine in people without back pain. N Engl J Med. 1994;331(2):69-73.
Chou R, Fu R, Carrino JA, Deyo RA. Imaging strategies for low-back pain: systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2009;373(9662):463-72.
Hong J, Reed C, Novick D, Happich M. Costs associated with treatment of chronic low back pain: an analysis of the UK General Practice Research Database. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013;38(1):75-82.