TMJ Jaw Pain

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects the jawbone to the skull and is responsible for the movement of the jaw. TMJ disorder (TMD) is a condition that affects the TMJ and can cause pain and discomfort in the jaw, face, and neck.

In this blog post, we will discuss the causes of TMJ disorder, its symptoms, how it can be treated, and provide up-to-date scientific references to support the information provided.

TMJ disorder can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury to the jaw or TMJ, teeth grinding or clenching, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, and stress. In some cases, the exact cause of TMD may be difficult to determine.

The symptoms of TMJ disorder can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Common signs and symptoms include –

  • Pain or tenderness in the jaw, face, or neck
  • Difficulty or discomfort while chewing or speaking
  • Clicking or popping sounds in the jaw when opening or closing the mouth
  • Locking of the jaw

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
Treatment for TMJ disorder depends on the underlying cause. In mild cases, self-care techniques such as avoiding hard or chewy foods, applying heat or ice to the affected area, and practicing relaxation techniques can help to manage the symptoms. In more severe cases, a dentist or physiotherapist may recommend oral appliances or splints to help align the jaw, exercises to improve jaw mobility and strength, or medications such as muscle relaxants to reduce pain and inflammation.

In conclusion, TMJ disorder can cause significant discomfort and affect a person’s quality of life. With proper treatment and self-care techniques, it is possible to manage the symptoms and improve quality of life. If you experience any symptoms of TMJ disorder, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. With the right treatment plan, you can enjoy a comfortable and healthy life.

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Scientific References

Al-Ani MZ, Davies SJ, Gray RJ, et al. Stabilisation splint therapy for temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1):CD002778.
Bumann A, Lotzmann U. Temporomandibular joint and masticatory muscle disorders. Eur J Oral Sci. 2000;108(6):483-512.
Schiffman E, Ohrbach R, Truelove E, et al. Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) for Clinical and Research Applications: recommendations of the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network* and Orofacial Pain Special Interest Group†. J Oral Facial Pain Headache. 2014;28(1):6-27.