The Breakdown: Prostate Cancer

Nov 9, 2020 | Written by Kon | 0 comments

In Australia, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men. Every year, more than 19,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer and approximately 3,500 men die from the disease. This is higher than the number of women that die of breast cancer. Surprisingly, many men are not even aware of what prostate cancer actually is, and of the symptoms that should raise alarm bells and encourage them to visit their local doctor.

What is prostate cancer?

A condition that causes the abnormal development of cells in the prostate which has the potential to multiply in an uncontrolled manner and spread to other areas of the body. In most cases, prostate cancer progresses slowly, and a person may not experience any serious problems or symptoms.

Less commonly, cancer cells may grow quickly and spread to other parts of the body with possible serious consequences. An awareness of symptoms is essential for prompt diagnosis and appropriate management.

What is the prostate?

The prostate is a small gland about the size of a walnut that sits below the urinary bladder. As part of the male reproductive system, the prostate produces fluid that nourishes and protects sperm, and is thus important in reproduction

What are the symptoms?

During early stages there may be no symptoms. In later stages, symptoms may include –

  1. Increased frequency or urgency in urinating
  2. Difficulty urinating (inability to urinate, trouble starting or poor control of urine flow)
  3. Discomfort or pain when urinating
  4. Presence of blood or semen in urine
  5. Pain around the lower back, upper thighs or hips

The presence of any of these symptoms do not indicate the presence of prostate cancer, but as a precautionary measure one should see their doctor as soon as possible

Risk Factors

Age – The chances of developing prostate cancer increases with age

Family History – The presence of prostate cancer within the family increases the risk

Lifestyle –  A poor diet and lack of physical activity can affect the risk of developing the disease

What to do if you’re worried?

Photo credit –
If you’re concerned about any symptoms you’re experiencing, or would like to have a medical examination visit your doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor may initially perform a blood test as a screening tool, in order to rule out any abnormal prostate activity. Performing a physical examination and/or special radiological tests to detect any abnormal increase in the size of the prostate are other options that may provide valuable information. Early detection and intervention are essential to the management of prostate cancer. #MakingHealthySimple