What is prostate cancer?
A condition that causes the abnormal development of cells in the prostate which has the potential to multiply in an uncontrolled manner and spread to other areas of the body. In most cases, prostate cancer progresses slowly, and a person may not experience any serious problems or symptoms.
Less commonly, cancer cells may grow quickly and spread to other parts of the body with possible serious consequences. An awareness of symptoms is essential for prompt diagnosis and appropriate management.
What is the prostate?
The prostate is a small gland about the size of a walnut that sits below the urinary bladder. As part of the male reproductive system, the prostate produces fluid that nourishes and protects sperm, and is thus important in reproduction
What are the symptoms?
During early stages there may be no symptoms. In later stages, symptoms may include –
- Increased frequency or urgency in urinating
- Difficulty urinating (inability to urinate, trouble starting or poor control of urine flow)
- Discomfort or pain when urinating
- Presence of blood or semen in urine
- Pain around the lower back, upper thighs or hips
The presence of any of these symptoms do not indicate the presence of prostate cancer, but as a precautionary measure one should see their doctor as soon as possible
Age – The chances of developing prostate cancer increases with age
Family History – The presence of prostate cancer within the family increases the risk
Lifestyle – A poor diet and lack of physical activity can affect the risk of developing the disease